What is Keratoconus? Symptoms, causes & treatment

Keratoconus is a medical condition that occurs when the cornea of the eye swells outward of the eye and pops out. The cone-shaped cornea causes blurred and cloudy vision and also leads to light sensitivity. In the initial stages, this medical condition can be treated with glasses or contact lenses. In advanced conditions, this might need a cornea transplant. It is observed that the Keratoconus usually affects both the eyes. It usually affects people from the age group of 10 to 25. This condition may last for more than 10 years or longer. There are certain symptoms, reasons, and treatments that clearly define this issue. It is important to treat this medical condition with the right cornea treatment in Mumbai. Timely treatment is necessary to stop the sight from declining.

Let us explore further to know more about Keratoconus.

What are the causes of Keratoconus?

causes of Keratoconus
Causes of Keratoconus

There are no such prominent causes of Keratoconus. As per the research, there are many factors that can link to the condition. Have a look at the causes that might lead to the Keratoconus.

These are the causes of Keratoconus:

Age: The most common age of getting Keratoconus is when you are a teenager. It might start showing symptoms in your early childhood or once you reach 30. It is a rare case scenario that people above 40 get diagnosed with Keratoconus.

Family line: This disorder can be a consequence of family history as well. If anyone in your family has it, this might be passed on as an inherited medical condition to you. This is a very rare case scenario, most probably this starts at the age of 10 to 12.

Inflammation: There are certain diseases that result in inflammation, which can lead to the issues like allergies, asthma, or just can break the tissue in the eye.

Eye rubbing: Rubbing your eyes hard can cause a tissue break. This is a common reason behind the Keratoconus. This can make the existing medical condition quicker when you already have it.

These are some of the reasons/ causes behind Keratoconus. The cornea specialist in Mumbai will treat this medical condition to deliver meaningful eye care treatment.

What are the symptoms of Keratoconus?

Symptoms of Keratoconus

Like any other illness, Keratoconus also has signs and symptoms that are considered by the doctors while providing the treatment. These symptoms make this medical condition more evident.

Here are some of the prominent symptoms of Keratoconus.

  • Double vision while seeing with just one eye.
  • Objects seem to be blurry and cloudy.
  • Blurred vision with irritation.
  • Itching sensation

Treatment of Keratoconus

Treatment of Keratoconus

The treatment differs, in mild cases the patient is advised to wear glasses. Usually, the doctors recommend wearing glasses or lenses. There are certain treatments that are implemented to strengthen the cornea and improve eyesight. In serious cases, the treatment called cornea collagen crosslinking is implemented on patients from stopping the situation from getting worse. The last treatment or therapy for this disorder is the cornea transplant. This is a very safe operation and has a 90% of success rate. The doctors will replace the middle portion of the cornea and replace it with a new one.

These operations are done by experienced professionals that are known for their medical performance. Get your treatment done by the best cornea specialist in Mumbai at Iksha eye care hospital in Andheri.