As the name suggests, diabetic retinopathy is a diabetes induced eye disease. Diabetes has many effects on the body. One of the prominent facts is that it affects the eye. This can lead to major eyesight problems. The high sugar levels cause damage to the retina in the eye. Moreover, a diabetes patient is medically advised to get a regular checkup as the problem can lead to gradual vision loss. The blood vessels swell and leak, blocking the eye. Moreover, this can lead to the development of abnormal retina growth in the blood vessels. These are one of the major issues that must be considered while seeking treatment for diabetic retinopathy. In this article, we are going to explore the details and aspects of this medical condition and the best retina treatment in Mumbai.
Stages of the diabetes eye disease
There are two main stages of diabetic eye disease. Below we have mentioned some of the details about the main stages of diabetic retinopathy.
NPDR (Non-Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy)
This is the most common eye condition that diabetic patients go through. Many people who have diabetes are suffering from this medical condition. With NPDR, tiny blood vessels leak, and that makes the retina swell. This leads to the macula swell when the macula starts to swell. This medical problem is called macular ischemia. Due to this issue, the blood does not reach the macula. Moreover, some of the tiny particles can form in the retina called exudates. This can affect the vision too. Hence, the NPDR leads to blurry vision.
PDR (Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy)
This is a more advanced type of eyesight problem for medical patients. The PDR is considered to be a serious eyesight issue. It usually happens when the retina starts developing new vessels. This is called neovascularization. These newly formed vessels often bleed in the vitreous. Minor bleeding can blur out your vision, and severe bleeding might cause vision loss. These blood vessels can form scar tissue, which can lead to the problem of the macula or lead to detached vision. PDR is extremely severe and can result in losing central and peripheral (side) vision.
Symptoms of diabetic retinopathy
There are symptoms of diabetic retinopathy that indicate these problems. Below we are going to mention some of the prominent symptoms that you will gradually notice, such as:
- Increasing number of floaters
- Blurry vision
- Fluctuating vision
- Black and white vision
- Having night vision
- Colors appear faded or washed out
- Loss of vision
Treatment of diabetic retinopathy
It is important to get diabetic retinopathy treated by doctors. The timely treatment of this medical condition is essential for the patients. It is advisable to consult the best eye care specialist. Iksha eye care specializes in treating these kinds of medical conditions. Get your eyes treated by the best retina surgeon in Mumbai. We suggest different medical solutions to the patients depending on the seriousness of the condition. Laser surgery and vitrectomy are the most common solutions to these problems. Hence, adequate medical assistance is crucial to this medical treatment.